Laparoscopic Gastric Sleeve Surgery for Adolescents
Gastric Sleeve or Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy can be used as a single medical operation for obese patients, or as a part of a staging process. This means that excessive weight can be reduced by the sleeve surgery, and once the patient has lower weight, he/she can undergo other surgical procedures such as the biliopancreatic diversion and the duodenal switch with minimal risks.
Gastric Sleeve is also a viable option for obese adolescents. Since this is a new medical procedure, not much can be said about its long term effects on children and teenagers. However, few observational studies have shown that adolescents undergoing sleeve gastrectomy do not face any serious complications that are beyond treatment.
So what is laparoscopic sleeve surgery after all? Sleeve gastrectomy uses minor incisions in your abdomen to insert a camera tipped instrument called a laparoscope in your abdomen. This camera allows the surgeon to view the inside of your stomach during the operation. After the surgery, your stomach size will be reduced to 20-25%, with the remaining portion being stapled together in the form of a tube.
How does it help in Weight Reduction?
Since the size of the intestine is reduced, you will feel full after eating a little. Sleeve gastrectomy will create a small pouch or a tube through will you will digest your food, and since the space will be limited, you will naturally be restricted from stuffing yourself!
You should remember however that in order to make the surgery a success, you have to change your eating habits and lifestyle. If you continue to eat in the same way as before surgery, or you still maintain harmful habits like smoking and drinking, then your condition can worsen, even after surgery. You will need to plan a strict diet, and it is helpful to consult a nutritionist to help you out.
What are the Advantages of this Surgery?
- You will be able to reduce about 50% of excess body weight within two years.
- You can also improve other medical conditions like asthma and diabetes.
- Weight loss will positively affect your social and work life.
What Are the Potential Risks?
Finally, you can also need to know some of risks associated with sleeve gastrectomy.
- The intestine and surrounding organs can be damaged.
- Death can also occur if there is negative reaction to anesthesia and other medication.
- Failure to follow the recommended diet can cause stomach inflammation, diarrhea, vomiting and other serious complications like hernia.
- Some patients may not be able to eat solid food for life.