Life After Gastric Bypass
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is a common weight loss surgery performed by many surgeons. Though many new methods have developed over the years, this surgery is still popular among patients, as they know the long-term and short-term effects.
In this surgery most of the stomach is bypassed and a small pouch is made. This pouch functions as a small stomach and does not store as much food. The connection of the stomach to the opening of the small intestine is severed and a new connection is made further down the intestine. This helps in less absorption of calories by the body and is also called malabsorption. The surgery can be performed laparoscopically or laparotomically.
Once the surgery is underway there are many complications that can happen. Excessive loss of blood or reaction to anesthesia is common. After the surgery, many patients are fine. Some have reported complications after surgery. These complications are minor and can be easily treated in the follow-up appointments. Bleeding, wound infections, digestive problems and ulcers are the most reported minor complications that occur after the surgery. Life-threatening complications like heart attack, serious infection or bleeding, leak in surgical connections with the intestines and blood clots are very rare.
Surgeons who are highly experienced in this weight loss surgery have reported almost zero cases of any major complications post surgery. People typically stay at the hospital for two to three days after the surgery. It takes around two to three weeks to return to normal activity. Weight loss followed by the surgery is usually dramatic. A person can lose up to 60% of excess body weight after the surgery.
Many different obesity related health problems tend to reduce or go away after the surgery. Problems like diabetes, sleep apnea, high blood pressure and asthma are affected the most from the gastric bypass surgery.
Gastric bypass surgery may cause a reduction in the amount of nutrition that is absorbed by the body. To avoid any issues of malnutrition from happening it is advised that patients take proper supplements. The supplements can be high in calcium and iron to avoid osteoporosis and anemia, as these are the most common conditions of nutritional deficiency.
A gastric bypass surgery helps an individual lose weight. Even after the surgery, a person is supposed to follow a healthy lifestyle and eat a healthy diet to maintain the weight loss. If a person is not careful and does not follow a healthy diet, he or she may suffer from severe side effects.